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Problem of the Week
Problem A

Laila starts with a square piece of paper. Starting at one corner and moving around the square, she labels the corners \(A\), \(B\), \(C\), and \(D\).

Laila folds the paper in half, by folding side \(AB\) onto side \(DC\), to form a rectangle. She opens up the paper and folds it again to form another rectangle by folding side \(AD\) onto side \(BC\). When she opens up the paper this time, she sees two creases in the paper as shown below.

A horizontal dashed line and a vertical dashed line divide the square into four identical smaller squares.

The centre of the square is the point where the two creases intersect. Now, she takes each corner of the square and folds the paper so that each corner touches the centre of the square. Folding all four corners in this way forms another smaller square made up of four triangular regions as shown below.

A square with dashed lines for its sides and that looks like a kite. Its diagonals are horizontal and vertical lines that divide the square into four identical triangles that meet at the centre.

What fraction of the area of the original square is the area of this smaller square? Justify your answer.

Themes: Geometry, Number Sense