Problem B and Solution

A Little Rain Must Fall

Excessive rainfall may occur during weather events such as hurricanes, or in some places, simply as a part of everyday life.

During Hurricane Harvey in \(2017\), almost \(75\) mm of rain fell in one hour in Houston. If rain continued to fall at that rate for \(24\) hours, how much rain would fall? Express your answer in metres.

Mawsynram, India is recognized as one of the wettest places on Earth, with an average annual rainfall of \(11\,872\) mm, most of which falls during the monsoon season. If the rain was spread out evenly over the whole year, how much rain, in mm, would fall each day? Round your answer to one decimal place.

Find the average annual rainfall in your community. How many times more is Mawsynram’s average annual rainfall than the average annual rainfall in your community? Round your answer to one decimal place.

If \(75\) mm of rain fell in each hour for \(24\) hours, the total amount of rain would be \(75\times24=1800\,\)mm, or \(1.8\) metres.

If a total of \(11\,872\) mm of rain was spread out evenly over the whole year, then over \(365\) days, the daily average would be \(11\,872\div365\approx 32.5\) mm.

Answers will vary. The average annual rainfall for the city of Toronto is \(831\) mm*. Therefore, the average annual rainfall in Mawsynram is \(11\,872 \div 831\approx 14.3\) times more than the average annual rainfall of Toronto.

*Source: https://www.currentresults.com/Weather/Canada/Cities/precipitation-annual-average.php