Problem D and Solution

Counting Ties

There are four intramural softball teams at a school, each named after local wildlife: Squirrels, Chipmunks, Raccoons, and Opossums. At the end of the season, each team had played every other team exactly four times. A team earns \(3\) points for a win, \(1\) point for a tie, and no points for a loss. The total points earned for each team are as follows.

Team Name | Total Number of Points |
---|---|

Squirrels | \(12\) |

Chipmunks | \(14\) |

Raccoons | \(19\) |

Opossums | \(22\) |

How many of the games played in the season ended in a tie?

Since each team played every other team four times, each team played \(3\times 4 = 12\) games. Since there are four teams, a total of \(\frac{4\times 12}{2} = 24\) games were played. Note that we divided by \(2\) so that we don’t double count games. For example, the Squirrels playing the Chipmunks is the same as the Chipmunks playing the Squirrels.

In games where one team won and one team lost, one team earned \(3\) points and the other team earned \(0\) points, so a total of \(3\) points were awarded. In games that ended in a tie, both teams earned \(1\) point, so a total of \(2\) points were awarded.

If there were no ties, then \(24\) games would result in \(24\times 3 = 72\) points being awarded in total. However, \(12+14+19+22 = 67\) points were actually awarded in total. Since a total of \(3\) points were awarded when there was a win and a total of \(2\) points were awarded when there was a tie, each tie game adds one fewer point to the total number of points than a game where there was a win. It follows that every point below \(72\) must represent a tie game. Since \(72-67 = 5\), there must have been \(5\) tie games.

Since 24 games were played, \(24 - 5 = 19\) games resulted in a win. We should check that there is a combination of wins, ties and losses that satisfies the conditions in the problem. One possibility is shown below.

Team Name | Number of Wins | Number of Ties | Number of Losses | Total Points |
---|---|---|---|---|

Squirrels | \(3\) | \(3\) | \(6\) | \(12\) |

Chipmunks | \(3\) | \(5\) | \(4\) | \(14\) |

Raccoons | \(6\) | \(1\) | \(5\) | \(19\) |

Opossums | \(7\) | \(1\) | \(4\) | \(22\) |

TOTALS | \(19\) | \(10\) | \(19\) | \(67\) |

In the table, there are a total of \(10\) ties. This means that \(5\) games ended in a tie and a total of \(10\) points were awarded for ties.

**Extension:** There are
\(5\) other combinations of wins, ties
and losses that satisfy the conditions of the problem. Can you find them
all?