Problem A and Solution

Sweet Treat

A single package of suckers contains \(25\) suckers of different colours: blue, red, yellow, pink, and green. There is an equal number of each colour of sucker in a package.

Miss Lolli surveys her class to find out what colour they would like to have for their special Fun Friday treat. The results of the survey are tallied as follows.

Colour |
Number of Students |
---|---|

Blue | |

Red | |

Yellow | |

Pink | |

Green |

If Miss Lolli wants to make sure that each student receives the sucker colour they would like, how many packages of suckers does she need to buy?

After each student gets their sucker of choice on Friday, how many of each colour of sucker will she have left over?

From the tally chart we know that the most popular colour is red, and \(11\) students selected that colour. This means Miss Lolli needs to buy enough packages to have at least \(11\) red suckers.

There are \(25\) suckers in a package, there are \(5\) different colours, and there are an equal number of each colour in a package. This means there are \(25 \div 5 = 5\) suckers of each colour in a package.

Alternatively, we can find there are \(5\) suckers of each colour in a package in the following way:

If we build one pile for each colour, and we add the suckers from the package to a pile one at a time, we will find that there are \(5\) suckers of each colour.Since there are \(5\) red suckers in a single package, then there are \(10\) red suckers in two packages, and \(15\) red suckers in three packages. This means Miss Lolli needs to buy three packages to get enough red suckers for the students.

Since there are \(5\) suckers of each colour in a package, then if Miss Lolli buys three packages there will be \(15\) suckers of each colour.

For each colour of sucker, we subtract the value of the tally from \(15\) to see how many will be left over of that colour:

Blue: \(15 - 4 = 11\) left over

Red: \(15 - 11 = 4\) left over

Yellow: \(15 - 2 = 13\) left over

Pink: \(15 - 7 = 8\) left over

Green: \(15 - 3 = 12\) left over