# Problem of the Week Problem B and Solution Temperature Conversions

## Problem

Two common units to measure temperature are degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit. From time to time, we need to convert temperatures from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit.

1. The exact conversion from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit is as follows:

• Step 1: Take the temperature in degrees Celsius and multiply by $$1.8$$.

• Step 2: Take the result from Step $$1$$ and add $$32$$.

Using this exact conversion, convert the following temperatures in degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit. The first has been done for you.

Temperature in degrees Celsius Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
$$100$$ $$212$$
$$30$$
$$20$$
$$10$$
$$0$$
2. Sometimes when we want to convert between degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit, we donâ€™t have a pencil and paper or calculator nearby. In that case, using an approximation and mental math can be helpful. One way to approximate the conversion from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit is as follows:

• Step 1: Take the temperature in degrees Celsius and multiply by $$2$$.

• Step 2: Take the result from Step $$1$$ and add $$30$$.

Using this approximate conversion, convert the following temperatures in degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit. The first has been done for you.

Temperature in degrees Celsius Approximate temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
$$100$$ $$230$$
$$30$$
$$20$$
$$10$$
$$0$$
3. Did any of the approximate conversions in part (b) give the same temperature as the exact conversion in part (a)?

Extension:
If you let $$C$$ represent the temperature in degrees Celsius and $$F$$ represent the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, can you write formulas for the conversions in parts (a) and (b)?

## Solution

1. The completed table is below.

Temperature in degrees Celsius Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
$$100$$ $$212$$
$$30$$ $$86$$
$$20$$ $$68$$
$$10$$ $$50$$
$$0$$ $$32$$
2. The completed table is below.

Temperature in degrees Celsius Approximate temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
$$100$$ $$230$$
$$30$$ $$90$$
$$20$$ $$70$$
$$10$$ $$50$$
$$0$$ $$30$$
3. The conversion of $$10^{\circ}$$C to $$50^{\circ}$$F gave the same temperature when using both the approximate and exact conversions.

Extension:
In part (a), we have $$F=1.8\times C + 32$$.
In part (b), we have $$F=2\times C + 30$$.